1. LiSA Cli Components

+------------+    +--------------+    +------+    +----------+
|            |    |   Readline   |    | LiSA |    |   LiSA   |
| CLI Parser |<-->|      CLI     |<-->| Menu |<-->| Command  |
|            |    |  Abstraction |    | Tree |    | Handlers |
+------------+    +--------------+    +------+    +----------+
      ^                   |              |             ^
      |                   `..............+.............'

1.1. CLI Parser - API for parsing Cisco-like commands; provides basic
tokenizing functions and validation against menu tree structures.

1.2. Readline CLI abstraction - Integrates the CLI Parser with readline
library, providing Cisco-like CLI behavior.

1.3. LiSA Menu Tree - Data structures for all LiSA CLI commands.

1.4. LiSA Command Handlers - Functions that actually execute the CLI

2. CLI Parser Implementation Details

    (rest of)              menu node array
    command to          to lookup subnodes in
      parse                  (context)
       |                         |
       | const char *buf         | struct menu_node *tree
       |                         |
      \|/                       \|/
|                                                           |
|                   Tokenizer Function                      |
|                                                           |
   |             |                |            | (struct      
   | int         | int            | int        | menu_node *)
   | <retval>    | out->offset    | out->len   | out->matches
   |             |                |            |
  \|/           \|/              \|/          \|/
 status        token            token      matching
               offset           length   subnodes array

The tokenizing function is initially called with the whole command as
input and the root menu tree node as context. As it extracts the first
token from the input, it is iteratively called on the remaindering
input (buffer). For each extracted token, the context (subnodes list)
descends in the menu tree.

The tokenizing function skips initial whitespace and returns the offset
of the actual token within the given buffer, and the token length.
Therefore, it is appropriate to increase the buffer by the sum of
out->offset and out->len prior to the next call.

2.1 Command help examples

In the following table, size means the number of (non-null) components
in the matching subnodes array (by convention, the list ends at the
first null component) and status is the return value of the tokenizer.

Command              Output on Cisco CLI             size  status
"is a?"              access-group  address           2     0
"is a ?"             % Ambiguous command:  "ip a "   2     1
"ip addr 192.168?"   A.B.C.D                         1     0
"ip addr 192.168 ?"  % Unrecognized command          0     1
"sh ver?"            version                         1     0
"sh ver ?"           <cr>                            1     1
"sh jjj"             % Unrecognized command          0     0
"sh jjj "            % Unrecognized command          0     1

For size, there are 3 possible cases:
0                 No match (syntax error)
1                 Correct or unfinished command
larger than 1     Ambiguity

For status, there are only 2 possible cases:
0                 Buffer ends with this token and there is nothing
                  more to parse
1                 There is more input to parse

The actual case is determined by both size and status. The logic to
iteratively call the tokenizer and determine the case is implemented at
the next layer (CLI Abstraction).

Parsing patterns (such as ip addresses in the example above) is
accomplished through custom tokenizing functions (that do more than
just looking up the token in the subnodes array).

There are 2 more possible conditions:

Condition                                            size  status
Empty buffer (or only whitespace in buffer)          0     0
Trailing whitespace at end of buffer                 0     0

Distinguishing between the two conditions is done in the next layer
logic, by counting the tokens: the first happens when there is no
previous token, the second happens when there is at least one
previous token.

The second condition happens because the tokenizing function skips
whitespace at the beginning of the buffer and stops at the first
whitespace character after the token. Therefore, a subsequent call
to the function will happen after getting the last token.

To distinguish between a non-existing command (such as "sh jjj") and
the two whitespace condition (both return size = 0, status = 0), the
next layer must look at out->len, which is 0 for whitespace and
non-zero for erroneous commands.
cli_arch.txt · Last modified: 2009/03/02 17:42 by blade
Except where otherwise noted, content on this wiki is licensed under the following license:CC Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported
Recent changes RSS feed Donate Powered by PHP Valid XHTML 1.0 Valid CSS Driven by DokuWiki